2017/09/14

All about Ancient Egyptian Achievements


The ancient Egyptians invented a calendar, which causes a form of writing called hieroglyphics, and developed the papyrus (paper made from the papyrus plant). 

 Foremost among their achievements, however, were the pyramids (tombs of the kings) of Giza, including the Great Sphinx, which have been designated as one of the Seven Wonders of the World that we have taken about in this post Ancient Egyptian Achievements .

And now we will Display a lot of picture about the famous Achievements, Contributions and Accomplishments of Ancient Egypt :- 


giza pyramids
Giza Pyramids


The Gold Mask of Tutankhamun
The Gold Mask of Tutankhamun

Ancient Egyptian Masks
Ancient Egyptian Masks


Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic
Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic




Ancient Egyptian Mummies
Ancient Egyptian Mummies

Ancient Egyptian Mummification
Ancient Egyptian Mummification

Ancient Egyptian Pyramids
Ancient Egyptian Pyramids

Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses
Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses
 
Ancient Egyptian Achievements  water_clock_pic
Ancient Egyptian water clock

Ancient Egypt Obelisk
Ancient Egypt Obelisk

Ancient Egypt Obelisk
Ancient Egypt Obelisk

Ancient Egypt Obelisk
Ancient Egypt Obelisk






 

2017/09/11

Cairo by Night

Places to Seek Out in Cairo

Whether conventional or chic, there are a wide variety of places to have a drink in Cairo. Nearly every street in the city also supplies access to a traditional coffee house, which has served as a common male social gathering that dates back hundreds of years.

In addition to that, you will come in contact with everything from stalls filled with fruit to bakeries to up-to-date cafes that serve a wide-range of European coffee selections. Accompanying the traditional Turkish coffee and tea, patrons gain easy access to the likes of hibiscus tea, kerkedeeh (depending on the season – warm or cold), sugarcane juice, mango and date drinks, Tamr hindi, sahleb (coconut drink for the winter), and fakhfakhenna (fruit salad).

Talaat Harb Square, Cairo, Egypt
Talaat Harb Square, Cairo, Egypt

Conventional Coffee Houses
When it comes to one of the best places in the world to experience the culture associated with a traditional coffee house, Cairo tops the lists. While standard Arabic refers to the coffee house as one thing, the local dialect transforms the term into another entity.

Within any Cairene coffee house, Turkish coffee continues as the unchanging ingredient. Shisha, waterpipe, and tea are also quite popular. Many viewed this practice as outdated for quite awhile, but today, younger people are catching on. They even smoke a waterpipe, which is no longer associated with just the men. Locations are different, as one may offer a small setting (chairs and tables made of plastic that line the street) or provide access to impressive cafes situated in upscale regions.

When paying a visit to a Cairene coffee house, numerous people are looking forward to the sheesha (or waterpipe), which serves as a main attraction. Two variations are typical: pure tobacco and apple-flavored. Additional varieties of fruit are also on hand. Coffee houses tend to vary, as some are decorated in a more elaborate manner, while others are simple counters offering plastic chairs and tables for people to enjoy in the street.

While international travelers are always made welcome, some women tend to feel awkward when checking out the coffee houses in conventionally, underprivileged sections of the city. On the other hand, travel to downtown Cairo and other tourist areas associated with Islamic Cairo and single or female-only groups shouldn’t encounter more than the typical irritation.

Turkish coffee (also known as qahwe turki) is handed out either sweet (helwa), medium sweet (masbout), with a bit of sugar (sukr khafeef), or with none at all. Sweet in this case means very sweet.

Tea (shai) is served either as the customary loose tea (kžshari – which is not to be mixed up with the Cairo macaroni-rice staple kushari), which is also referred to as dust tea in English, or better yet – a tea bag. The majority of coffee shops generally provide fresh mint leaves upon request that is then placed in the tea. People may also enjoy a variety of soda. Many times, hibiscus tea is available, which is served warmed during the winter season, as well as heated throughout the warmer times of the year.


A Communal Tradition


During the 1600s, coffee was first introduced to the Arab and Islamic world, where the Islamic clergy tried to outlaw the drink. Nonetheless, people began to greatly desire the drink, which changed the minds of the sheikhs. To this day, the most devout followers of the Islamic faith would not pay a visit to a coffee house.

However, most Egyptian males saw coffee as a significant communal tradition, which would take place close to their residence, at the local mosque, as well as the church. This became the time to converse, discuss the latest tidbits of news, browse the newspaper, enjoy a television show or sporting event, or simply watch the people pass by while smoking a waterpipe. A lot of people will state that more than 20,000 coffee houses are found in Cairo. As of today, the downtown section and Islamic part of Cairo are some of the best locations to enjoy a rather important piece of Cairene life.


Fruit Stalls
As the heated Cairo summer lingers, fruit stalls are known to sell fresh juice (as well as the occasional fruit salad or soft drink). They really come in handy. At these locations, fresh-pressed juice of fruits of the season is sold.

Common selections include orange, lemon, strawberry, and mango. Depending on the season and availability, a collection of costs and quality are encountered. All over the city, you will encounter these places, which are quite commonplace in the hot spots that tourists frequent. The traditional coffee houses or fruit juice stalls of the city may supply some or all of these drink selections.


Contemporary Cafes and Pastry Shops
The latest cafes and pastry shops are scattered about the city. Usually, they provide light food items, such as salad and sandwiches, which join espresso-based coffees and pastry delights. The majority of these locations are chains that bear names, such as Cinnabon, Orangette, Cilantro, Beanos, as well as the Bakery and Coffee Roastery. Many of these sites, such as the chains previously mentioned, supply wireless Internet connections. Chains on the international level (like Costa Coffee and Starbucks) are also quite popular throughout Cairo.


Entertainment and the Nightlife
For the latest details regarding the movies, nightclubs, and concert halls, check out the daily called the Egyptian Gazette (LE 1; on Saturday, the Egyptian Mail), the weekly English edition of Al-Ahram newspaper (LE 1), as well as Egypt Today (LE 12), which is published on a monthly basis.


The Movies
Though international flicks are offered throughout the year, a higher number of selections are offered in the wintertime and Ramadan. It is suggested to check out the listings posted in the Egyptian Gazette or al-Ahram.

Since the movies provide Arabic subtitles, it is not uncommon to hear the audience chat it up while vendors sell snacks. The soundtrack is often interrupted, so it is recommended to position yourself close to the front in order to hear a word.

Over the past couple of years, a collection of pricey new movie theaters have sprung up in many shopping outlets. This includes the Al-Tahrir Cinema on Sharia Tahrir, in Dokki (02/335-4726; LE 15-25); MGM (located on the top floor of the Maadi Grand Mall; 02/519-5388; closed on Saturdays; LE 20); as well as Ramses Hilton Centre, positioned opposite the hotel (02/574-7436; LE 20-25). All theaters possess plush seats, stereo sound, and air conditioning (which is rather cold). 

Talking during movies and smoking are not allowed. When visiting these cinemas, it is suggested to book ahead of time, while in other places – it is OK to purchase tickets (LE 10-15) an hour or more before the start of the film. On the other hand, during Ramadan, arriving earlier is a must, as the performances in the evening (such as the Metro Cinema on Talaat Harb, and the Al-Tahrir) provide various movie selections on a nightly basis. Usually, this attracts a large crowd, where tickets are bought rather fast and seats are not on reserve.

2017/09/10

The most beautiful 5 beaches and islands for tourism in the world

 The most beautiful 5 beaches and islands for tourism in the world



The most beautiful 5 beaches and islands for tourism in the world

1 - Maya Bay 

 The Gulf of Maya gathering place for divers to the characteristic of marine wonderful  life , it is a bay shallow surrounded by hills of limestone from most of its aspects have increased the tourism fame of this beach after 2000 when it was filmed scenes of the movie "the beach", starring Leonardo DiCaprio, there.

The most beautiful 5 beaches and islands for tourism in the world

2 - Musha Cay Island

Enjoy your time in the most beautiful and the best place in the world island Musha Cay Bahamas, where the splendor of nature picturesque facilities exceptional high style  to let you get to the highest degree of comfort and luxury, an area of ​​more than 150 acres of tropical environment pristine gleaming beads white sand like sugar on the shore of dreams that decorated with turquoise water on the edge of a beautiful dream you do not see only wishes she Musha Cay Island.

The most beautiful 5 beaches and islands for tourism in the world



3 - the shores of the state of Quintana Roo

Of the most beautiful beaches in the world are those in the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico, specifically in the area of ​​Canon, which has turned from the island of fishermen to tourist areas in Mexico, which has a climate subtropical throughout the year, and witnessing these shores about four millions of visitors each year.

The most beautiful 5 beaches and islands for tourism in the world


4 - Palau Island

If you are a fan of adventure you can visit the island of Palau in the Pacific Ocean, which hosts a year more than 50 thousand tourists, and has a population of nearly twenty thousand inhabitants, is characterized by a climate of tropical throughout the year, due to the large number of islands affiliate, stretching its shores for a distance of 1500 km approx.



The most beautiful 5 beaches and islands for tourism in the world



5 - Cocos Island

Cocos Island Located 300 miles to the south-west coast of Cabo Blanco, Costa Rica, an area of ​​about 23.85 km 2, almost receives the island an average of 25 feet of rainfall annually, resulting in a covered fully with trees green, and a high incidence of waterfalls, and therefore has been release the name of the national park, Costa Rica.




Ras Mohammed National Park

The Finest Marine Park in Sinai and The Red Sea 

Ras Mohammed National Park became Egypt's first marine National Park way back in 1989. Covering the southern tip of the Sinai peninsula just 12 miles south of Sharm El Sheikh. It's rich underwater world has a vast expanse of reefs with a healthy sprinkling of vibrant corals and sponges that make this well preserved region one of the most desirable destinations in the world for diving and snorkelling.


 Ras Mohammed National Park

 Ras Mohammed National Park

 Ras Mohammed National Park

 Ras Mohammed National Park


 Ras Mohammed National Park

While you're exploring this underwater world it's not uncommon to spot turtles, barracuda and manta rays amongst other unusual creatures, and it's always an absolute thrill. At ground level Ras Mohammed National Park has plenty more to offer with gazelles, ibexes, desert foxes and a magnificent display of bird life including herons, ospreys and storks.

With an ever increasing volume of tourists every year, it's vital that the natural balance of the Park's environment is protected from the type of damage often caused by over development. Massive efforts have gone into preserving this area. No hotels are to be built here and restrictions have to be made on the number of dive boats allowed into the area on a daily basis.

2017/09/07

Ancient Egyptian Punishments

There were many laws in Egypt, for there was a lot of punishment for breaking a law. One of the punishments was one hundred strokes of the cane, and if the crime was worse, five bleeding cuts were added. Other punishments included branding, exile, mutilation, drowning, decapitation, and burned alive.

The worst crime was tomb raiding as the treasures of the tomb was sacred. A lot of punishment in ancient Egypt were fatal, such as drowning, decapitation, and burned alive. Pharaoh General decided what would happen to the criminal.

Ancient Egyptian Punishments
Ancient Egyptian Punishments

Ancient Egyptian Punishments
Ancient Egyptian Punishments

Ancient Egyptian Punishments
Ancient Egyptian Punishments



Ancient Egyptian Punishments
Ancient Egyptian Punishments

Ancient Egyptian Punishments
Ancient Egyptian Punishments

Ancient Egyptian Punishments
Ancient Egyptian Punishments


The ancient Egyptians did not leave us a code of law, but they lived in a society where good and evil were distinguished and acutely felt. Literary texts towards harmony in society, but the crime and the punishment was often severe exist. Nor riches, nor the nobility raised a person above the law. High treason committed by powerful nobles and officials were treated harshly. Armed with sticks, the police guarding public places, at times making use of dogs or, more rarely without doubt, trained monkeys.

Prevention of crime and the apprehension of criminals was the duty of local officials and police. They have opened investigations following complaints from citizens. During the Old Kingdom, there was apparently no professional judges. The cases were tried before the courts of scribes and priests appointed for this purpose, with officials, or even sometimes two viziers of the President.


The concept of Maat was significant in the legal framework. Maat, the goddess of the world order represented truth, balance and justice in the universe. This concept allowed that everyone, except slaves, should be considered equal before the law, regardless of the position of wealth or social status.


Minor offenses such as personal attack could see a person Whipped be sold as slaves or sent to a worker in one of the countries construction projects or mines. There are cases where the culprits had their hands, nose, tongue and feet cut off as a punishment. Also the role of punishment continues after death. After the death of Egyptian life was to prepare him / her for the journey into the afterlife. They mummified body, provided the deceased with food and other items to support him / her.



The Ib (heart) the individual has acknowledged the good and bad deeds of the deceased to the gods, and was examined by the god Anubis. During the ceremony weighing-of-the-heart, Ib was then weighed with the feather of truth (Ma'at). If the heart is heavy, it was eaten by the demon Ammit.


Ancient Egyptian Laws

Ancient Egyptian Legal System

Egyptian Crime

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2017/09/05

Dahab , Sharm el-Sheikh

Dahab  is located some 85 km (53 miles) north of Sharm el-Sheikh on the Gulf of Aqaba, near the southern tip of Sinai. Once an isolated coastal village, Dahab turned into a hippie hangout in the 1980′s and became something of an “alternative resort”, mixing cheap accommodation with a laid back lifestyle. Activities such as wind surfing, snorkeling, scuba diving and camel and jeep trips make it one of the most popular destinations along the Red Sea.

Dahab , Sharm el-Sheikh

Serabit el-Khadem in Sinai

One of the most significant archaeological sites in Sinai is a place called Serabit el-Khadem. Showing the mines of the pharoahs, it is situated in the western part of Sinai, approx. 40 kilometers east of Abu Zenima. .
Serabit el-Khadem located in the south west of the Sinai Peninsula, where the ancient Egyptians to find turquoise in the past. Showed archaeological excavations by Sir Velinrdz Petrie from the old mining camps in addition to the Temple of Hathor, an ancient Egyptian goddess used by the ancient Egyptians to protect desert Srabit server its way deep rugged .Which is above the difficult climb to Plateau from all sides .

Effects in them, as well as mines located above the flat surface of the high plateau. Have been found in this region on the many statues bearing the names of King Sneferu of the Fourth Dynasty .. King Mentuhotep III and King Mentuhotep IV of the kings of the Eleventh Dynasty and engraving for each of Senusret I and his father's name First Omnhamat. The most famous monuments in the region is the temple of Hathor and other inscriptions Sinaiticus.


 Serabit el-Khadem in Sinai

 Serabit el-Khadem in Sinai

 Serabit el-Khadem in Sinai

 Serabit el-Khadem in Sinai

 Serabit el-Khadem in Sinai



Temple of Hathor

Has been set up by King Senusret I goddess Hathor lady turquoise and then saw the temple additions in many subsequent eras where he began cave temple of Hathor carved in the mountain which is the holy of holies of the temple .. Then constructed in front of the other chamber to consecrate Anhorthm hesitation the names of many of the other kings in the temple.

The inscriptions on the paintings and rock interfaces contain the usual litanies of the goddess .. The total number of inscriptions found in Srabit server 387 an inscription from the two Central and modern .. It does not include inscriptions of the temple, of course, where the miners sent missions headed by a senior official, because the mines from the King's property. Were inscriptions remember the name of the king and the head of the mission and his senior staff.

Built by Pharaoh Senusret I of the kings of the Twelfth Dynasty in the Middle Kingdom when the Egyptians discovered the presence of gold and turquoise and precious stones in the Sinai ancient Egyptians began prospecting for gold and turquoise ...

In the era of the modern state, the king Amenhotep I repair the breaches of the private lobby structure mobile columns .. Also built the structure of Hathor faucet, which was intended to cleanse the visitors to the temple and then added Amenemhat second part of this construction

In the era of Alfronan Amenemhat III and IV structure was the Lord God and God Hathor During the reign of Thutmose III and Hatshepsut Added several halls in front of the Holy of Holies .. Then the next several halls in the reign of his son Amenhotep II .. And six cabins built in the reign of Amenhotep III.

In the era of the Eighteenth Dynasty re Fraantha interest in Serabit el-Khadem This continued interest in the age of Thutmose III and Hatshepsut and Amenhotep Alii Lucite I and Ramses II and Ramses VI where the number of inscriptions Bsrabit server 387 inscription Perhaps the most important characteristic of the Serabit el-Khadem they area discovered the year 1905 Ketaabat later known inscriptions Sinaiticus, which is out of alphabets.


Cairo The Vibrant Capital of Egypt

Cairo
The Vibrant Capital of Egypt

Cairo, the capital of Egypt, is located at the Nile River 15 km south of the area where the river divides into the two streams of Damietta and Rosetta and the beginning of the Nile delta.

With an estimated population of 15-17 million (1994) it is one of the largest cities in the world. It is the cultural, political, administrative, industrial and tourist centre of not only Egypt but all the Middle East.

In and around the city the attractions are plenty:
    Khan el-Khalili Bazaar
    The Pyramids of Giza
    Memphis and Saqqara
    Christian Monuments
    Islamic Monuments
    Modern Attractions

Cairo The Vibrant Capital of Egypt

Cairo The Vibrant Capital of Egypt

Cairo The Vibrant Capital of Egypt


Cairo The Vibrant Capital of Egypt


The oldest part of the city is situated on the flat country between the Nile River and the Muqattam mountain on the east bank.

From here the city has spread approximately 35 kilometres north and southbound along the Nile. At the western bank it has spread down to the Giza plateau and The Pyramids.

The Nile islands of Zamalek and Roda are a completely integrated part of the city.

Along the Nile you will find modern skyscrapers and luxury hotels while the old city with its narrow streets, the Khan el-Khalili bazaar and the religious university al-Azhar is to be found only a few kilometres away.

The climate in the city is warm, dry and pleasant compared to other Middle Eastern cities. This has made the city a popular refuge for Persian Gulf Arabs during the summer.