2012/05/25

king tut parents


king tut genealogy :-

In this article we will talk about the family tree of Tutankhamun and the rightful parents according to the latest studies.

Amarna Relief: We are certain that Tutankhamun was a son of a king and we know that from a text on a block from one of the destroyed buildings of Akhenaton, Tutankahmun is described as the son of the king from his divine body, but unfortunately the name of the king wasn't recorded. But because this block came from one of the buildings of Akhenaton, this strengthened the assumption that Akhenaton is his father. 

king tut parents

Before 2010, there were several theories about the parentage of Tutankhamun and these will be discussed below:
1-   He may be the son of Amenhotep III and queen Ty.
The agreement:
A lion statue was discovered in Soleb near Sudan (now displayed at the British Museum), bears inscriptions which claim that Tutankhamun is the son of Amenhotep III. However, it should be kept in mind that grandchildren receive much love and attention from their grandparents and they might call them “father” and “mother”, so the word 'son' may be out of respect and love of Tutankhamun to his grandfather.




The disagreement:
(a) after Amenhotep III death "Akhenaton" ruled for 18 years, but when Tutankhamun became  king he was only 9 years old, so it’s not possible.
(b) the age of queen Ty at the time of giving birth to Tutankhamun would have been over 50 years old which is quite an old age for a woman to give birth.

 2- There was a certain relationship between Tutankhamun and the remains of the mummy found in the anthropoid coffin in KV 55 as when they were both examined in 1968 at Liverpool University, it was found that both possess the same blood group and the same defects in the bone structure of the skull.
3- The most probable theory is that Tutankhamun was the son of "Akhenaton" from Kiya (?).


king tut parentsking tut parents



The agreement:
(a) Amarna scene: we found at the royal tomb at El Amarna a scene that represents a lady on her death bed, and when they compared her features she seemed to be kiya, and next to her there is a royal fan-bearer and a royal nurse carrying a baby who was most probably the king-to-be "Tutankhamun".
(b) one of the titles of  Kiya was "the greatly beloved wife of the king" may be because she gave him a son after 6 daughters (from Nefertiti) which was much appreciated in ancient Egypt.

 family tree of Tutankhamun:

King Tutankhamun Family Tree
King Tutankhamun Family Tree

 (c) The Amarna Relief (mentioned earlier) is a strong proof.
(d) 2010 investigation proved that he was the son of Akhenaten, who is now confirmed to be the body from KV 55. (This will be explained later).
Thus we were not certain of anything and we needed the new technology to determine the familial relationships and to search for any diseases or inherited disorders. 


The Marriage of King Tutankhamun

The Marriage of King Tutankhamun


He was married to the third daughter of Akhenaton her name was Ankh-es-en-pa-itn which means (she who lives for the Aten) and she changed her name like her husband to ankh-es-en-imn after the revolution happened. They married at an early age, perhaps for reasons of state (to acquire the right to ascend the throne) or because they loved each other as the love and affection was displayed in some scenes on the artifacts found in the tomb, e.g. the queen is frequently shown presenting the king with garlands of flowers or helping him while hunting by passing him an arrow. 

The Marriage of King Tutankhamun


         
We believe that Ankhesenpaaten was older then Tutankhamun because she was probably of childbearing age as she bore him no children except for two still-born (premature) female children who died as foetuses of 6 and 7 months’ gestation. Their mummies were discovered at the tomb.

 


After his death she didn't want to marry any of his followers so she sent a letter, which is recorded as one of the examples of the Amarna letters, to the Hittite king asking him to send a prince to marry her. He was not sure of such a strange request but he sent a prince to see what was happening. Unfortunately, the prince got murdered on his way to Egypt, probably by the followers of Horemheb and Ay.

Ankhesenamun ended up marrying Ay, which was one of the things that Ay had done to prove his right to ascend the throne. 


The Marriage of King Tutankhamun


Another act that Ay has done to legitimise his ascent to the throne was that he represented himself on the walls of the burial chamber of the tomb of Tutankhamun performing the opening of the mouth ceremony, which was normally done by the successor or the son of the deceased king.


The Titles and Names of king Tutankhamun

The Titles and Names of king Tutankhamun

We are going to study three of the titles and names of Tutankhamun:

The Titles and Names of king Tutankhamun

  
1.     The Birth Name (sA ra): twt-ankh-imn HkA iwn rsyt or Sma “The living image of Amon, Ruler of Southern Heliopolis (meaning Thebes)”. Earlier variant: twt-ankh-itn “The living image of Aten”


 The Titles and Names of king Tutankhamun



2.     The Coronation Name (Niswt bity): Nb-xprw-Re “Lord of the forms (existences) of Re.

 The Titles and Names of king Tutankhamun

 
  1. The Horus Name (Hr): kA-nxt  tut-mswt, "Strong bull, fitting of created forms" or “Strong bull, the image is born”
 


 4.The Horus Name :  Nefer-hepu segereh-tawy schetep-netjeru nebu, "Dynamic of laws, who calms the Two Lands, who propitiates all the gods" (variant 1: Wer-ah-Amun, "Great of the Palace of Amun; variant 2: neb-er-djer, "lord of all")

 The Horus Name

 
5.The Nebty Name : Wetjes-khau sehetep-netjeru, "Who displays the regalia, who propitiates the gods" (variant 1: Heqa-maat schetep-netjeru, "The one who brings together the cosmic order, who propitiates the gods; variant 2: Wetjes-khau-yotef-Re, "Who displays the regalia of his father Re"; variant 3: Wetjes-khau tjes-tawy em..., "Who dsiplays the regalia, who keeps the Two Lands together)

  

 Wood Box in the Form of Tutankhamun's Cartouche or Royal Name

 The Titles and Names of king Tutankhamun