Ancient Egypt was an ancient civilization in eastern North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the River Nile. The civilization began around 3150 BC with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh, and continues to thrive over the next three millennia. The history of ancient Egypt is divided into three kingdoms stabilized: The Old Kingdom (c.2686-2160 BC), The Middle Kingdom (c.2055-1650 BC) and The New Empire (c.1550-1069 BC) separated by two periods unstable intermediates.
|Ancient Egyptian Armour,Ancient Egypt Army|
During the Old and Middle, the Egyptian armies were very simple. Egyptian soldiers carried a simple armament consisting of a spear with a spear and a large copper shield of wood covered with leather hides. A mass of stone carried in the Archaic period, was later replaced by bronze hatchet. The Lancers were supported by archers carrying a bow and arrows simple curve with arrowheads made of flint or copper. No armor was used during these periods.
Shields were first were the type of body protection on the scene. The early Egyptians were big screens as the man of limited use and the warrior in his choice of weapon. The shields were made of wood structure, often in conjunction with leather or rawhide, held by a handle or a leather strip attached to the central part. At times we tried to free the arm shield for offensive action, or at least to carry another weapon. Big shields were heavier, limiting the time they could be carried out, the speed with which the soldiers could not move and their field of vision. Protection has been paid to the effectiveness of the attack. As time went on the great man-sized shields slowly reduced to a more manageable size if the Egyptian soldiers could use their spears over competence.
In the bronze medal of the New Kingdom was sometimes used. Metal plate shields were heavier than leather shields with wooden frames, and does not necessarily mean better protection. While the bronze shield was divided by the sword and pierced by the spear, the shield of leather with its greater elasticity has not been penetrated. The shield was carried by a strap slung over his shoulder and was reduced to a passive piece of armor protection on one side of the body.
As in civilian life, the Egyptians at war rarely covered their heads. This is probably because it is a desert and arid climate was warm enough. The pharaohs were an exception, they often wore headgear, mostly represented in pictures as the crown of Pharaoh, made from linen and leather. Asians which the Egyptians were often fought helmet. Foreign mercenaries serving in the Egyptian army continued their own traditions, which, if they were Europeans, as Sherden or Philistines, or Asians, usually meant wearing a helmet. Nubians, the other is never shown wearing a helmet.
Because of the climate, very little armor was ever worn in Africa. Many paintings depict Egyptian infantry wearing a sword, shield, and a beautiful white linen belt. The infantry was sometimes a defense groin triangle made from stiffened linen. The drivers wore armor from time to time scale, but many preferred broad leather bands crossed over the chest or carried a shield.
Their torso was more or less protected, while the lower body was protected by the tank itself. In the soldiers began wearing tunics 19th Dynasty Leather or fabric with metallic coatings, scale and improved cast in bronze.
The pharaohs often wore scale armor inlaid with semiprecious stones, which offered better protection, the stones being harder than the metal used for arrowheads. Ramses II fighting as a charioteer was portrayed wearing scale armor with sleeves, covering the entire torso. Often the use of armor was symbolic or ostentation. Corselets Golden mail with precious stones were made for members of the royal family and the gods are sometimes depicted wearing armor.
The soldiers who try to destroy walls or doors batter are especially vulnerable. By the early 20th century attempts BC were made to protect them by protecting them with portable shelters. Egyptian siege warfare has never been very effective compared to that of the Mesopotamians who developed rams on wheeled trucks, fire that protected well enough.