2012/08/27

Ankh Symbol

The Ankh for the ancient Egyptians was the symbol (the actual Hieroglyphic sign) of life but it is a persistent icon that remains with us even today as a Christian cross.
There are many theories and legends about the origin of the Egyptian Ankh symbol. Some suggest that it is the manifestation of sexual symbolism.

 




An old theory holds that the ankh was the symbol of the rising sun, with the loop representing the sun rising above the horizon, which is represented by the crossbar. The lower vertical section to the cross bar is then the path of the sun.
Others say it symbolized the key turned on the annual flooding of the Nile. Some say it was the key to eternal life. Even today, nobody really knows.
In essence, the Egyptian symbol is supposed to represent life. This is why many ancient Egyptian deities were represented with the symbol of the Ankh in their hands representing life.
The loop of the Ankh is held by the gods. It is associated with Isis and Osiris in the dynastic period. The loop of the Ankh also represents the feminine discipline, while the elongated section represent the masculine discipline.
Another unique way in which the symbol was represented in the shape of channels, wherein wherein a number of symbols Ankh are successively connected to each other. Such models are usually shown in the vessels through which the water that drains the symbol of the power of the water.
The symbol is also an ancient Egyptian hieroglyph hieroglyph representing the nh "(ankh) which means" life "or" breath of life ". The glyph appears in an incredible number of entries and was often used as a decorative device.
Most of the gods of Egypt are depicted wearing an Ankh to represent their vivacity and immortality. From time to time the god (or goddess) extends the Ankh Pharaoh, indicating both the gift of life and purification of the object.

Amon

Theban god Amon or Amun was a more than local importance, but as soon as the princes of Thebes conquered their rival claimants to the rule of Egypt, and had managed to make their city a new capital, their god Amon became a prominent god in Upper Egypt.

Amun-Ra became so important spiritually and politically at the time of the New Kingdom that Egypt became a kind of theocracy. Atop his worship, Egyptian religion approached monotheism. The other gods became simple symbols of his power, or manifestations of Amun-Re. In essence, it became the single supreme deity.



 

Amon has been associated with a number of animals, including the form, he sometimes caught in the inscriptions. Originally, he was depicted as a goose and given the nickname "Cackler Grande" (as Geb). Was also thought that he could regenerate and become a snake shedding its skin.

However, it was most often depicted as a ram, a symbol of fertility. He is also portrayed as a man with a ram's head, a frog, a uraeus (cobra), a crocodile or as a monkey. Finally, he is portrayed as a king seated on his throne, wearing the double crown feathers (also associated with Min).

It was called the vizier of the poor. It has been said that he protected the weak against the strong, and was a defender of justice. Those who asked favors Amon were required to demonstrate their dignity or to confess their sins first.

The sacred animal of Amun was originally the goose, as Geb, he was sometimes known as the "Great Cackler." Later Amon was more closely associated with the Ram, a symbol of fertility. At various times, he also sometimes appears as a frog-headed man, the head of a uraeus, the head of a crocodile, or as a monkey.

Ammut

The ancient Egyptian goddess Ammit (also known as Ammut and Ahemait) was the personification of divine retribution. She sat beside the scales of Ma'at ready to devour the souls of those deemed unworthy.

Ammit, as the character is known was depicted having a head of a crocodile. In some cases she was also shown as having a dog’s head. Her upper torso was that of a leopard that the hindquarters were taken from a hippopotamus.

She was generally depicted as a demon with the head of a crocodile, the torso of a wild cat, and the hindquarters of a hippopotamus. However, she also took human form.

 

 







During the Judging of the Heart, if the deeds of the soul being judged are found to be more wicked than good, Anubis feeds the soul to Ammit. This results in the total annihilation of the person, and there is no hope of further existence.

Other scholars believed that Ammit resides near the lake of fire in Duat (the underworld) and protects it. After every judgment, she throws the hearts of the wicked into the fiery lake to be destroyed.

The name Ammit also spelled as Ammut, Amhemit, Ammet, Amam or Amemet. Literally her name means “devourer” and so she also acquired titles like “The Devourer of the Dead”, “Devourer of Millions”, “Demoness of Death”, “Demoness of the Underworld”, “Eater of Hearts”, “Bone Eater”, “Eater of Souls”, “Greatness of Death”, and “Dweller or Devourer in Amenta.

In myth Ammit was not worshipped, and she was never regarded as a goddess. Instead, she embodied all that the Egyptians feared, threatening to bind them to eternal restlessness if they did not follow the principle of Ma'at. Although often referred to as a demon, by destroying evil she acted as a force for good.

This deity having the head of a hippopotamus, the body of a leopard, and the tail and scales of a crocodile. This monstrous combination represents Ammut (amam: in ancient Egyptian language), meaning “Devourer of the corps”. This beast, as seen in the book of the dead, is ready to swallow the heart of the deceased who fails to be justified before the judgment of Osiris against the feather of MAat.

According to legend, Ammut also possessed a positive value: in the form of a sow (female pig) personifying Nut, the sky, who swallows the sun god Ra everyday in the morning and gives birth to him once more at night thus by placing the deceased on this bed, he is granted eternal reincarnation.

Also there is another point of view as regards the connection of the goddess Ammut with the sky, that is, the Egyptian system of constellations connected the hippopotamus with the northern sky that is why Taweret (composed of parts of the same animals) was depicted on the ceiling of the tomb of Seti I in the Valley of the Kings.

The hybrid or hippopotamus Funerary bed of Tutankhamun




Ahmose

Ahmose is born in Thebes Seqenenre Tao II and I. Ahhotep He had two siblings, Kamose and Ahmose Nefertari. Ahmose I married his sister Ahmose Nefertari. Ahmose the name means "The Moon is born." It is believed that the reign of Ahmose I was between 1550-1525 BC.
Ahmose was the first pharaoh of the 18th dynasty period. He was the first king to rule over a unified country. Seqenenre Tao II died when a battle against the Hyksos, Head of Lower Egypt. After the death of Tao II, Kamose ascended the throne. His reign lasted just three years. Kamose is said to have died young.




Kamose had invaded the surrounding areas Avaris, the capital of the Hyksos. After the death of Kamose, Ahmose took over Egypt. Ahhotep I decided with Ahmose. After his coronation, Ahmose was also known as Neb-re pehty or The Lord of the Force again. He was succeeded by his son Amenhotep I. It is doubtful that Ahmose was co-regent with Amenhotep I.
Rhind Papyrus, a manuscript describing the military strategy adopted by Ahmose all invade the Delta. It indicates that, after the capture of the eastern Delta, Ahmose cut the road between Avaris of Canaan. It was difficult for any help or emergency supplies to reach the capital Hyksos.
Ahmose captured Avaris on his fourth attempt. After defeating the Hyksos, the power was re-recorded in the areas of Nubia and Syria. A new administrative center was established to Buhen. He settled the business and trade by the reopening of quarries, mines and trade routes. Ahmose therefore expanded the borders of Egypt.
Ahmose monuments built during his reign and donated revenue for the service of the traditional gods. The art form in vogue during his reign was related to the period of the Middle Empire. It is believed that the manufacture of glass has evolved during the rule of Ahmose. Ahmose is also known for having built a brick temple Buhen. Thebes was the capital of unified Egypt. It also became a center of the civil service.
Ahmose Thebes chosen as the capital of Egypt for its strategic location, which makes it easy for any foreign movement to be followed immediately. Thebes was also a religious capital of Egypt. Ahmose is said to have died at the age of 35 and was buried in Dra Abu el-Naga. However, the exact location of his grave is unknown.

Abu Sir

Abu sir is the Arabic name for Greek Busiris, which in turn is a translation of the ancient Egyptian name Per-Infantry, which means the house of Osiris. Its name refers to the ancient Egyptian Osiris, the god of death and resurrection, and it is therefore not surprising that Mr. Abu was part of the Memphite necropolis.


 

Mr. Abu is located 2 kilometers north of Saqqara, but still some distance south of Giza. Its three main pyramids survivors can easily be seen from the funerary complex of Netjerikhet Horus.

Mr. Abu royal interest began with the reign of Userkaf, founder of the fifth dynasty, when he chose the site to build a remarkable monument and then to know a single solar temple. Several of his successors would not only follow his example and build their own solar temples, but they also prefer this site for burial.

Abu Simbel Temples

Abu Simbel is a set of two temples near the border of Egypt with Sudan. It was built for the pharaoh Ramesses II who reigned for 67 long years during the 13th century BC. The temples were cut into the rock and moved to higher ground in the 1960s as the waters of Lake Nasser began to rise after the Aswan High Dam.

 

The Great Temple is dedicated to Ramesses II. There is also a statue of him is seated with three other gods within the innermost part of the rock-cut temple or shrine. Facade of the temple is dominated by four enormous seated statues of the Pharaoh, each more than 20 meters or 67 feet high, although one has been damaged since ancient times.


The small temple was probably completed ahead of the Great Temple and is dedicated to the favorite wife of Ramses, Nefertari. At the entrance stands a period of six to 10 feet high and 33 feet of statues carved in the rock - two of Ramesses and Nefertari one on each side of the door.


The temple can be reached by road, air or sea. Arriving by cruise ship involves the Aswan High Dam. It is a 3 day trip.
The two temples of Abu Simbel were built between 1269 and 1256 BC, the beginning of the reign of Ramses II (1279-1212 BC). Politically, the anchors of the temple of the south line of the expansion of Egypt in Nubia, and was intended to intimidate the Nubians in the acceptance of the Egyptian hegemony.


There is no doubt that modern temples intimidate tourists as well. The facade of the Great Temple is 30 m or 90 'high and 35m or105' wide, and four colossal statues of Ramses II sitting at the entrance measuring about 21m or 60 feet high.


Abu Simbel is located about 200 miles south of Aswan. Between 1964 and 1968, in order to preserve the temples of the rising waters due to the Aswan Dam, they were cut except in huge blocks and reassembled on nearby higher ground. The temples were rebuilt within two huge artificial hills, at a cost of approximately $ 40 million.

Ancient Egyptian Warriors

The Egyptian people were the main people who made Egypt as a great civilization. The strength of the soldiers and the army was something that was reflected in the ideas of Pharaoh.
While ancient Egypt had no standing army as such, but the people and the soldiers were always ready for war. In fact, whenever soldiers were required, Pharaoh used to call young men and strong. The army was formed during a good temporary because once the war or battle was over, they were returned.

Ancient Egyptian Warriors


These people then used to return to their villages and live a normal life. The life of the army was largely determined by the tenure of the campaign. What is happening now is very different from what was happening. The army could then be divided into two parts : 


1. Military service


2. Military career


If someone has joined the national service, then that person could be there and train for a year or two. It may then be called at any time whenever necessary. Military career was as a child, the parents sign their service in the army. Such a person would then spend his time in the army life. He could not join another profession other than being in the army. There have been some examples of soldiers who rose to such a level that they have become kings.


 Some people have also been among the royal chefs in the country. The pride and glory that has been associated with this career was something that everyone wanted to cherish. A 5 year old could register itself and for other careers after the age of 20.

Military training


Military training for former Egyptian warriors was to get the haircut and also inductions. The soldiers trained in obedience and also to listen to orders. Some of the aspects on which they were trained included stick fighting, charioteering, patience fight against fire, fighting, spear, and the target. Based on skills and learning the soldier, the roles have been assigned jobs.
Harder than induction training.


Some of the weapons that were used by the ancient Egyptian warriors included :


1. Bow and arrow
2. Sticks
3. Aces
4. Spears
5. Masses


Egyptian ancient warriors were wearing helmets and gloves when using this equipment.