2012/09/01

Coffin of Thuya in the Shape of a Mummy

This wooden coffin is carved and covered with gilded stucco. The wig is long hair. The features are finely modeled, eyes, eyelashes and eyebrows are inlaid.

The pectoral, a large piece of jewelry worn on the chest, is composed of 10 bands of flowers and petals. It is inlaid with colored glass falcon heads at the ends. A number of nuts kneels on one knee with the wings on the head of the deceased.

Below are two vertical columns goddess prayers to it. The casket is adorned with amulets Djed stability.



Coffin of Yuya with Silver Lid

This coffin is made of wood, silver, gold, and bitumen, a type of cement. Its lid is covered with silver leaves. The text and figures of gods are golden.

Yuya hands are crossed on his chest, holding the symbol of stability and the knot of Isis in her left hand. Bracelets dark blue pieces of glass and light have been molded to imitate rows of pearls. The vulture on the chest is made ​​from pieces of dark blue glass separated by golden lines. Below the vulture is a figure of the goddess Nut. She is depicted standing on a sign "Neb" gold with arms raised.

The right side of the coffin depicts a procession of gods led by Thoth. There are vertical lines of hieroglyphs between each digit.

On the left side, another gods procession is led by Thoth. In front of him are sacred eyes on a pylon, or gateway, and four vertical lines of hieroglyphs. At the foot of the cover is a figure of Isis with arms raised. She is kneeling on a sign "Neb" gold.

Below is a representation of "Djed" signs of stability and two amulets Isis knot. A head cover is a figure of Nephthys kneeling, arms raised.



Coffin of Yuya with Crossed Hands

This coffin is made of wood, gilt, and bitumen, a type of cement. Yuya is shown with his hands crossed on his chest. Below is a vulture with outstretched wings holding two signs Shen power in greenhouses.

A column of text is inscribed on the center of the lid. Each side is divided into four vertical bands between which the right side are figures of Amset Anubis, Duamutef and Geb face death. At the right end of the box is a representation of a pylon, or gateway, to the eye of Horus twice over.

On the left side, Hapi, Anubis, Nut and Qebehsenuef facing the deceased. At the head of the coffin is a figure of Nephthys kneeling on the "Neb" sign for gold. At the foot is a figure of Isis kneeling with one knee on the sign "Neb" gold touching a sign of power.








Outer Sarcophagus of Yuya

The mummy of Yuya, father of Queen Tiye, was enclosed in three coffins separated. Is that of the outside. It is made of wood, gilt, and bitumen, a type of cement.

The sarcophagus is in the external form of a box on a sled. It has no bottom and inside the coffin rested on the floor of the tomb. A long column of hieroglyphic text extends from head to toe.

Each end of the cover is based on two jackals major shrines. On the north side, the goddess Nephthys is on the panel or "Neb" with arms raised, facing west.




South, Isis is on the panel or "Neb" with arms raised, facing west. The west side is divided into five panels by four vertical bands of text.

To the left, the god Thoth is turned to the right and in front of both eyes on a sacred pylon, or gateway, after Thoth, the god Anubis is shown facing left. Then, two jackal-headed figures facing left.

The latter figure is Thoth, facing left, holding a standard surmounted by the sign sky. The east side is similar to the west.

Sarcophagus and Lid of Seshem-Nefer

The sarcophagus of Seshem-Nefer and its lid are rectangular. The lid has a handle on each side for carrying it.

Unlike the sarcophagi of the Old Kingdom, which were decorated with false doors and windows, this sarcophagus has no decoration except for a hieroglyphic text on its left side. The band of text is not finely carved.

The false door or window was made to facilitate the entrance and the exit of the Ba, or spirit of the deceased, as the sarcophagus was thought to be the house of the mummy according to Ancient Egyptian beliefs.






Sarcophagus of Meresankh the Third

This sarcophagus belongs to the Queen Meresankh the third, whose tomb was found in the Giza Necropolis. Two projections help lift the lid.

The sarcophagus is decorated with a representation of the facade of the palace as well as the names and titles of the owner and a text of dedication.



Sarcophagus of Kai-em-nofret

In overall performance, the monumental tomb of Kai-em-Nofret is an absolute masterpiece. The external surfaces are a niche model regular, the facade of the palace supposedly. This indicates the importance of the sarcophagus as a house of the deceased in the afterlife.  

The lid has vaulted bulbous protrusions at each end that were never removed. Box and cover one side containing a short inscription giving the same name and the title of the owner.





Inner coffin of Amenemhat

Anthropoid inner coffin with mummy cover. It belonged to a great wab priest and incoming priest in the sanctuary of Amun's temple, called Amenemhat. He lived at the beginning of dynasty XXIst. This sarcophagus is one of the finest pieces made for the clergy related to the god's domain. The figures, both human and divine, are carefully drawn. It is a remarkable piece of art.

The iconography depicted on the lids and on the box gather together essential aspects of the Egyptian religion, such as the judgment of the soul before Osiris, the creation, etc., all of them related to the deceased's resurrection. The sarcophagus was later on reused, and the name and titles of its original owner were partially erased.






Sarcophagus of Mery-ib

Box-shaped wooden sarcophagus without a lid, with one encircling line of inscription in carved hieroglyphs, top and bottom indicated by head and legs, on one side are two udjat-eyes at head height, on the inside are long offering lists.





painted coffin of Keki

The beautiful painted coffin of Keki , found in his tomb at Beni Hasan rock. Survived without cover but the inside is painted with offerings to the deceased. Much of the bright color of the exterior has disappeared, but traces of geometric patterns imitating carpet hung on the walls of houses. Horus-eyes allow the deceased to see outside, to the area where the offers were grave ritual prayers left.

The supply invoke Anubis and Osiris, in short lines of text other gods honor the deceased. Inside the coffin is particularly fine articles of clothing supply, equipment and food were painted on the walls, each article has its name in hieroglyphics well executed.








Sarcophagus of a falcon

This bronze object, once in the Leopold II collection, is actually a sarcophagus. The long cylinder contained the mummy of a falcon, the sacred animal of Horus. The royal aspect of this god is emphasised by the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt which he is wearing on his head.









Sarcophagus for a lizard

This small bronze object, once part of the É. de Meester de Ravestein collection, is a container on top of which is a lizard. It served as a coffin for the animal which was sacred to the god Atum. The piece also has two rings.






Ancient Egyptian Cartouche

 
A cartouche is an oblong, or oval, magical rope which was drawn to contain the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics that spelt out the name of a King or Queen. The "cartouche" can be found on Egyptian monuments and papyrus documents and the magical rope was used to surround the name and protect it.

 Ancient Egyptian Cartouche


They served as written birth records for persons of high status in Egyptian society at a given time.The term, "cartouche" is a relatively modern one coined by the soldiers of Napoleon's expedition in Egypt, who saw in the sign the likeness of the cartridges, or "cartouche" used in their own guns. The cartouche, known in ancient Egypt as the shenu, is derived from the Egyptian verb, Sheni, which means to encircle. It is very similar to the shen sign, a more circular form, and in fact the earliest use of the cartouche in which the king's name was written were circular and identical with that sign.

The ancient Egyptians attached great reference to the cartouches. The common notion amongst them was that placing the cartouche at a particular site would ensure its protection. They would often place the cartouche upon the tombs of the Egyptian elite. It is because of this practice that archaeologists have been able to identify tombs of the royalty and learn about the mummies that lay inside the graves. The Egyptians of those days, viewed the person as reaching the level of an empowered deity from the level of a mortal, and the five names given to him by tradition served as a memorial of the eventual transformation.


Ancient Egyptian Cartouche Template

Ancient Egyptian Cartouche Template
Ancient Egyptian Cartouche Template


Ancient Egyptian Cartouche Template
Ancient Egyptian Cartouche Template

Ancient Egyptian Cartouche Template
Ancient Egyptian Cartouche Template

Ancient Egyptian Cartouche Template



Nonetheless, the birth name was used to inscribe on the cartouche.The cartouche hieroglyph also appears in many decorative contexts such as the finger rings and decorated cartouche-shaped boxes. Some of these rings and chests were based on the form of the twin cartouches. Cartouches are usually positioned vertically but they can also be positioned horizontally to make them fit more comfortably into a design. The arrangement of the hieroglyphs inside is then reorganized to accommodate the horizontal layout.

Cartouche is based on ancient Egyptian knowledge and should not be confused with tarot cards. The ancient Egyptian symbols depicted on the cards capture the essence of the forces or energies that govern the universe. Many believe the Egyptians gained their knowledge of these forces from an even earlier advanced race who, in turn, were instructed by extraterrestrials from the Sirius star system. The symbols, colours and meanings of the cards accord both with the designs found on Egyptian temples, pyramids, tombs and old papyri, and with a secret arcane tradition that has been handed down from century to century.