2012/09/16

Ancient Egyptian Wars

The Egyptians had geographical boundaries which offered some security from foreign invasions and threats. Nevertheless, wars were common in the ancient world and so were in Egypt. The inscriptions, paintings, sources of war, specific war related architectural layouts etc constitute the sources of war. Sekhmet was the goddess of war.

Throughout the Old Kingdom, Egypt mounted raids and expeditions against its neighbours, particularly Nubia and Libya, to acquire resources such as gold, building materials, cattle and, of course, slaves.

Ancient Egyptian Wars



Battle of Megiddo between Egypt and Syria took place in 1479 BC when Tuthmosis ruled Egypt. The Egyptians won the battle, capturing over two hundred chariots and two thousand horses from the defeated Syrians.

The Egyptian battle with Hitties took place in 1288 BC in the city of Kadesh in Syria. The city was under the control of Hitties whose objective was to control Syria. The Egyptians were led by Ramesses II, who commanded an army of 20,000 men divided into four divisions.

Each division was named after a major Egyptian deity: Amun, Ptah, Ra, and Sutekh. Ramsses led several charges into the Hittite ranks, killing the king's brother and several other key leaders. The Egyptians were seemingly victorious in the war though they never took the city. A peace treaty was signed by both sides.

Around 1650 BC, Egypt was invaded by the Hykos who introduced them the chariot. They ruled the northern part of the country for over a century from their capital of Avaris. During the second intermediate period, Egyptian soldiers began to be better equipped protective jackets, lighter shields, compound bows and swords.

Ancient Egyptian fashion

Egypt is a country in Africa and the Middle East. The ancient name of Egypt is "black earth" Kemet meaning. He received his name due to the fertility of black soil found in the plains of the Nile River flowing through Egypt.
 
Egypt is also known for its historical monuments such as the Giza pyramid complex and even the Egyptian civilization holds a lot of importance. Egypt is a country with a political and cultural significance for the Middle East. Egypt gets its English name from various sources such as Egypt word French, Latin and Greek Aegyptus Aigyptos old.

Ancient Egyptian fashion
Ancient Egyptian fashion

Ancient Egyptian fashion

Ancient Egyptian fashion

Ancient Egyptian fashion
Ancient Egyptian fashion

It was not essential for the Egyptian people to wear the climate was pleasant unlike Egypt today. Despite this, people do not wear clothes and fashion wholesale clothing remained the same over the years until Egypt some changes were noted in the New Kingdom. Light clothing were preferred by the Egyptian people as a result of hot summers and mild winters.
There were references indicating that even silk, but a small amount was used. Animal skins such as leopard were sometimes worn by priests and pharaohs when they were in the first servants of God.


Feathers were also used to decorate the vestments of Kings and Queens. Women's clothing made from their home. The machine was a key textile made from linen. He was even buried with people. The clothes were made mainly from white linen. Egyptian men treated the early stages of the production machine to harvest the plant. The plants are then beaten and combined to obtain the fibers which were subsequently rejected and followed by other steps. Meanwhile, horizontal looms were in use, but vertical looms have been used in the New Kingdom.


The Egyptian people have also used wool. However, clothes made of wool were forbidden in temples as they were made on animals. Egyptian people believed that the wool should not touch the skin and has been done this way. However, the Egyptians did not use wool so often. The clothes were often hemmed to avoid fraying. Cotton cloth was unknown until the Coptic period. The men wore loincloths or short skirts that hit just above the knees.


 These were made from rectangular piece of linen which was tied around the waist with a knot or a loop. The women wore dresses in general or tight dresses. Some dresses had some straps hiding her breasts and others have exposed. However, much depends on the way that reigned. Egyptian children while not wearing clothes until they reach adolescence. Fashion clothing was simple in the early years of Egyptian rule, but it has become complex butt of the New Kingdom.

 Clothing model was determined by the occupation of a person. Farmers wore short skirts while a poor person wearing less clothing. Clothing worn by people was completed with jewels adorning even the simplest of clothes. We even wore wigs over their natural hair and were users of cosmetics. These cosmetics have improved their characteristics and are believed to contain medicinal qualities and hygiene.

The concept of tailored clothing was not known and people clothes draped around their bodies. Pleating was the main form of embellishment used. The use of colored clothing was rare dyes were difficult to fix a machine without teeth. However, colorful attires were broadcast on the graves of the dead. Only the rich or the royals used woven textiles.


Egyptian Words

How did the ancient Egyptian words and their meanings over time:

Ancient Egyptian words and meanings were represented in hieroglyphs. It was a symbolic language represented in the form of images. Written documents hieroglyphics have been found. The Scriptures have been dated to 3200 BC. Egyptian language development is part of the development of Afro-Asiatic language. Language was used until the 5th century AD. But began to decline in use. Ancient Egyptian words and meanings are still present in many Egyptian relics, artifacts, tombs and temple ruins. Ancient Egyptian language is one of the oldest recorded languages ​​of man in the history of the world.


Language development


Before 2600 BC, hieroglyphs were widely used. It was during the Early Dynastic periods. Naqada II pottery vessels inscriptions of hieroglyphic symbols indicating words.


Language during the Old Kingdom


Much improvement has happened during the period of the Old Kingdom between 2600 BC and 2000 BC. Meanwhile, there has been progress in the development of ancient Egyptian words and meanings. Pyramid Texts reveal rows and rows of hieroglyphs. Elite Egyptians recorded their tomb walls with many statements. Temples were also. These different ways to enter words on different surfaces developed language. Graves had short autobiographies of the deceased. Temples were philosophical sayings. Ideograms have tripled as phonograms to pluralize words. It was also an important development in the language of the ancient Egyptians.


Period demotic


The development of the Egyptian demotic language was profound during the 7th century BC and the 5th century AD. This language has been used for about a thousand years. It was a strong language that has developed over the years. During late demotic, Egyptian demotic language was at an advanced stage of development. Once the Macedonian Empire established their base in conquered Egypt, the use of demotic Egyptian declined. However, between 30 BC and 450 AD, a number of literary objects were written. These include journals, memos, autobiographies, observations, creative expressions and so on. When the Romans invaded Egypt, people began to speak less of the Egyptian demotic language.


Some Egyptian words and their meanings


To understand ancient Egyptian words and their meanings, it is important to understand graphical notations. Different symbols represented different aspects of the environment. The following is a compilation of them limited.


Akhet
It is a symbolic representation of the horizon. This symbol was used to indicate the sunrise and sunset.


Amenta


Amenta was used to mean morbidity. It became a symbol to represent burial.
 

Canopic

Internal parts of the body were removed during the mummification process. They were placed in canopic jars. Canopic jars later went on to represent the four son Horus in hieroglyphs.



There are many ancient Egyptian words and meanings represented as symbols that have not yet been fully discovered.


Egyptian Curse

 Ancient Egyptian Curse


Curses, the former held a very important expectation on the psyche of people, rituals and traditions. We hear swearing to be inscribed on tombs and others, but this was rare.
The text of the Fifth Dynasty pyramids is the one that is intact. A stele was found which belonged to Sarenput I, Elephantine, which was part of the kingdom of Senusret I, it was a curse for diverting intruders and protect the things left at his statue.

Egyptian Curse


A curse, to be efficient enough to be placed in a suitable and correct. For example, if a curse is placed to avoid desecraters entering the tomb, and the curse itself is placed on or near the tomb. The purpose is defeated because, for the misfortune to take effect, the tomb must have been undertaken.
According to the beliefs of ancient Egypt, a curse to be read by the offender to take effect. Therefore, all these curses were written in the rooms before the actual tombs in a more accessible location. You can find the curses placed on doors, walls, stelae, statues, and on the coffin doors, even false.
For a person from ancient Egypt, curses were just another part of their tradition, culture, religion and society. In short, it is a concept very much in tune with their daily lives. All societal obligations, family and religious were instilled in his habits, behavior and interactions.
A curse was just another obligation of Maat, law and order, the norms and mores. It was a warning to all those who dared to act against Maat, rebels and criminals. The ancient Egyptians had the inherent belief in the power of these curses.
A wax figure of Apep, enemy of the sun was used. His name is written in green in the figure, wrapped in papyrus and throw it into the fire. Once it began to burn, they kick the figure four times with the left foot. These wax figures were often placed in tombs.
One of the scourges of the most famous is the curse of the pharaoh. It is believed that the curse will take this person who lay the mummy of Pharaoh. Some curses are to burn or on the walls of tombs ante rooms, as in the mastaba of Khentika Ikhekhi at Saqqara.
However, more than a deterrent to tomb robbers and these curses, these were intended to protect and maintain the sanctity of graves by the priests. These curses became gained worldwide fame after the discovery of the tomb by Howard Carter Tutenkhamen.
Curses were also used as a war strategy in writing the names of enemies on steles, tablets, clay pots, numbers of people in the strings, etc. These were then destroyed and the enemy would have made little and powerless.