2012/10/18

Ancient Egypt Gods



Anubis as the God of Embalming, the son of Nephthys, depicted as a jackal, or as a jackal-headed man probably because of the jackal's tendency to prowl around tombs, he became associated with the dead, and by the Old Kingdom, worshipped as the inventor of embalming, who had embalmed the dead Osiris, thus helping preserve him in order to live again.

Apis- an early deity, probably the best known Egyptian deity represented only as an animal, he was represented as a bull crowned with the solar disk and serpent, he was primarily a deity of fertility.

Aten- the sun-disk itself, depicted as a disk with rays, each ray terminating in a human hand and bestowing symbols of "life" upon those below.

Bast- a cat-goddess, protector of cats and those who cared for cats, as a result, an important deity in the home (since cats were prized pets).

Geb- the god of the earth, he is generally represented as a man with green or black skin - the color of living things, and the color of the fertile Nile mud, Geb is masculine, contrasting with many other traditions of Earth being female.

 Hathor- a very old goddess of Egypt, worshiped as a cow-deity from earliest times, she was usually shown with a solar disk flanked by cow horns on her head, she was also the patron of love, dance, alcohol, and foreign lands.

Horus-one of the most important deities of Egypt. As the Child, Horus is the son of Osiris and Isis, who, upon reaching adulthood, avenges his father's death, by defeating and castrating his evil uncle Set, he then became the divine prototype of the Pharaoh.

Imhotep- a historical figure. He was the architect, physician, scribe, and vizier (adviser) of the 3rd Dynasty pharaoh Zoser, conceived and built the Step Pyramid at Sakkara.
In the Late Period, Imhotep was worshipped as the son of Ptah and a god of medicine, as well as the patron of scribes.
He was one of the few mortals born of common blood to be elevated to the rank of deity.

Isis- Perhaps the most important goddess (or god, for that matter) of all Egyptian mythology, her most important functions, however, were those of motherhood, marital devotion, healing the sick, and the working of magical spells and charms, she was believed to be the most powerful magician in the universe, owing to the fact that she had learned the Secret Name of Ra from the god himself, she was the sister and wife of Osiris, sister of Set, and twin sister of Nephthys, and was the mother of Horus, responsible for protecting Horus from Set during his infancy; for helping Osiris to return to life; and for assisting her husband to rule in the land of the Dead.

Nephthy-s"Lady of the House", the youngest child of Geb and Nut, The sister and wife of Set, and sister of Isis and Osiris; also the mother of Anubis, She abandoned Set when he killed Osiris, and assisted Isis in the care of Horus and the resurrection of Osiris, he was, along with her sister, considered the special protectress of the dead, and she was the guardian of Hapi, the protector of the lungs of the deceased.

 Nut- the goddess of the sky, depicted as a woman with blue skin, and her body covered with stars, standing on all fours, leaning over her husband Geb, representing the sky arched over the earth.

Osiris- the god of the dead, and the god of the resurrection into eternal life; ruler, protector, and judge of the deceased, Osiris was the first child of Nut and Geb, thus the brother of Set, Nephthys, and Isis, who was also his wife. By Isis he fathered Horus, and according to some stories, Nephthys assumed the form of Isis, seduced him thus, and from their union was born Anubis.Being the first person to die, he subsequently became lord of the dead.

Ra - the god of the sun; the name is thought to have meant "creative power", and as a proper name "Creator", similar to English Christian usage of the term "Creator" to signify the "almighty God."Very early in Egyptian history, Ra was identified with Horus, who as a hawk or falon-god represented the loftiness of the skies. Ra is represented either as a hawk-headed man or as a hawk.In order to travel through the waters of Heaven and the Underworld, Ra was also depicted as traveling in a boat.

ancient egypt gods



Sekhmet- A lioness goddess, created by Ra from the fire of his eyes as a creature of vengeance to punish mankind for his sins.

Selket- A scorpion-goddess, shown as a beautiful woman with a scorpion poised on her head; her creature struck death to the wicked, she was also petitioned to save the lives of innocent people stung by scorpions and was also viewed as a helper of women in childbirth, she is depicted as binding up demons that would otherwise threaten Ra, and she sent seven of her scorpions to protect Isis from Set, she protected Qebehsenuef, the son of Horus who guarded the intestines of the deceased, she was made famous by her statue from Tutankhamen's tomb, which was part of the collection which toured America in the 1970's.

Set- the patron deity of Lower (Northern) Egypt, and represented the fierce storms of the desert that the Lower Egyptians sought to appease.When Upper Egypt conquered Lower Egypt and ushered in the 1st Dynasty, Set became known as the evil enemy of Horus (Upper Egypt's dynastic god).Set is best known for murdering his brother and attempting to kill his nephew Horus.Horus, however, managed to survive and grew up to avenge his father's death by establishing his rule over all Egypt, castrating Set, and casting him out into the lonely desert for all time.

Sobek- the crocodile god, worshipped to appease him and his animals

Thoth-he god of wisdom, Thoth was said to be self-created at the beginning of time, along with his consort Ma'at (truth), depicted as a man with the head of an ibis bird, and carried a pen and scrolls upon which he recorded all things, he was shown as attendant in almost all major scenes involving the gods, but especially at the judgement of the deceased, he served as the messenger of the gods, and was thus equated by the Greeks with Hermes, he is a god of the moon, and is also the god of time, magic, and writing. He was considered the inventor of the hieroglyphs.