2013/04/02

Ancient Egyptian Bow

Ancient Egyptian Bow and Arrow

The bow and arrow is one of ancient Egypt's most crucial weapons, used from Pre dynastic time into the Christian and archaic Islamic periods. It was a ranged weapon which caused a projectile to leave the soldier and strike a target. Some of the first bows that we know of were the "horn bows", made by joining a pair of antelope horns by a central piece of wood.



By the beginning of the Dynastic Period, we find bows that had a single curvature and were made of wood and strung with sinews or strings made of plant fiber. In the pre-dynastic period bows frequently had a double curvature, but during the Old Kingdom a single-arched bow, known as a self (or simple) bow, was adopted.




 These were used to fire reed arrows fletched with three feathers and tipped with flint or hardwood, and later, bronze points. The bow itself was usually between one and two meters in length and made up of a wooden rod.






Egyptian Battles

Ancient Egypt was an ancient civilization of eastern North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River. The civilization began around 3150 BC with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh, and has continued to grow over the next three millennia.
Egyptian Battles


The history of ancient Egypt is divided into three kingdoms stabilized: the Old Kingdom (c.2686-2160 BC), The Middle Kingdom (c.2055-1650 BC) and the New Kingdom (c.1550- 1069 BC) separated by two unstable interim periods.These periods were characterized by minor battles, political unrest and revolutions that wars before the new kingdom have no written documents. Three major wars were fought during the New Kingdom.

Egyptian Battles

 
 Battle Mediggo (c. 1457 BC)

Megiddo was fought between Egyptian forces under Pharaoh Thutmose III and a large Canaanite army under the King of Kadesh. This is the first battle to have been recorded in detail relatively reliable. Megiddo was also the first battle to save the use of the composite bow and the number of bodies of victims of the war. All details of the battle came from the hieroglyphic writings on the Hall of Annals in the Temple of Amun-Ra at Karnak, Thebes (now Luxor), by the military scribe Tjaneni. Megiddo was an Egyptian victory and resulted in the defeat of the forces of Canaan, who had fled to safety in the city of Megiddo. Their work has resulted in the seat after long Megiddo. Restoring Egyptian rule in the Levant, Pharaoh Thutmose III began a reign in which the Egyptian Empire reached its greatest extent.

Battle of Kadesh

Battle of Kadesh (c. 1274 BC)

The Battle of Kadesh (or Kadesh) took place between the forces of the Egyptian Empire under Ramesses II and the Hittite Empire under Muwatalli II to the city of Kadesh on the Orontes, in what is now the Arab Republic Syria. The battle is generally dated to about 1274 BC. It was probably the largest chariot battle ever fought, involving about 5000-6000 tanks. Although the Egyptian accounts say Muwatalli called for a truce, footnote Hittite documents such arrangement. However, neither side won a complete victory. Skirmishes operating regions bordering finally concluded fifteen years after the Battle of Kadesh by a formal peace treaty in 1258 BC, in the 21st year of the reign of Ramses II, with Hattusili III, the new king of the Hittites . This treaty, which is now on display at the Istanbul Archaeological Museum, is considered the most ancient example of any international agreement in writing of any kind.


Battle of the Delta (c. 1178-1175 BC)

The Battle of the Delta was a great naval battle fought between Egyptian forces and the people of the sea called, when the Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses III repulsed a great sea invasion by the "sea peoples". The conflict occurred somewhere on the banks of the Nile Delta and eastern part of the borders of the Egyptian empire in Syria, although their precise location is unknown. This battle has been described as "the first naval battle in history." The major conflict is recorded on the temple walls of the funerary temple of Pharaoh Ramses III at Medinet Habu. Ultimately, Egypt were so weakened by the battle he never got to be the powerful kingdom it was before the invasion of seafarers Ramses III is generally regarded as the last pharaoh of the great Egyptian New Kingdom. Conflict with the Sea Peoples also drained his treasure. Thus, the Egyptians used to say that death comes across the seas.