2013/04/22

Egyptian Duamutef

Duamutef was portrayed as a jackal who was guarded by Neith. He was one of the four sons of Horus whose names are Imsety (imsti), Hapy (hpy, not to be confused with the Nile river god, Hapi), Duamutef and Kebehsenuef. The four sons of Horus are actually a part of the seven divine beings, where the three are hardly spoken about. Duamutef was a funerary god.The Ancient Egyptians firmly believed that the deceased required his or her organs in order to be reborn in the Afterlife.

Egyptian Duamutef

For use in the afterlife they would be bandaged and vital organs placed individually in Canopic Jars. Canopic Jars were widely used for the preservation of the Internal Organs. The design went through various phases, starting with four human headed jars.The Ancient Egyptian canopic heads therefore were depicted with the man-headed Imsety, the baboon-headed Hapi, the jackal-headed Duamutef and the falcon-headed Qebehsenuef.


Egyptian Duamutef

Egyptian Duamutef

Egyptian Duamutef

Egyptian Duamutef

Egyptian Duamutef




Duamutef's role was to protect the stomach and upper intestines of the deceased and was the guardian of the East. The stomach was kept in a canopic jar after mummification. He collaborated with Anubis in the mummification of Anubis's body and became patrons of the canopy vases.Imsety, Hapy, Duamutef and Kebehsenuef were linked with the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines respectively, though sometimes the associations of Hapy and Duamutef are found switched about.

They were also associated with other body parts. For example Hapy and Duamutef were linked to the hands, while Imsety and Kebehsenuef were linked with the feet.

Egyptian Duat

 Duat : A place of darkness and home of terrifying demons, the Duat was a mythological location  between the world of the living and the world of the  dead. The Amduat, “The Book of That Which is in  the Netherworld,” says the Duat is located deep in a valley that separates Earth from the Netherworld.

Egyptian Duat


When Re the sun god sinks below the horizon at the  end of each day to begin the 12-hour journey he is  accompanied by souls of the deceased. Only those  souls found to be pure after the Weighing of the  Heart Ceremony are allowed to accompany the sun  god on this perilous journey.

At the end of the twelfth  hour, after successfully battling and overpowering evil  demons that menace the sun god at every hour, Re  and the souls emerge safely into the welcoming realm  of the sky goddess, Nut. Re appears on the horizon to  begin a new day, and the souls prepare for resurrection in the Netherworld.