2013/05/24

Necklace of the Sun on the horizon

 Necklace of the Sun on the horizon east of Tutankhamen

 One of the most striking features of Egyptian symbolism is the number of different ways in which a single theme could be expressed graphically. Both the necklace and the necklace of the rising sun commemorate their gold pendants inlaid pectoral what is essentially the same event every day, but in this case the baboons are omitted. Baboons, by their presence, showed that the action takes place at sunrise, whereas in this case, the same effect is produced by using the hieroglyph for "horizon" (akhet), which represents the sun rising between two mountains.

 It involves introducing a foreign element (ie mountains) in episode naturalist beetle (= the sun god) pushing its ball of dung (= the sun) in front of him. For this slight deviation from what was regular and normal, the artist gave Precision Time and a local symbol that otherwise did not have any indication of time and place. He also added uraei with signs of "life" independent (ankh) for "horizon" hieroglyph, meaning that the rising sun is giving life to the Upper and Lower Egypt.

 Necklace of the Sun on the horizon east of Tutankhamen

Apart from the symbol of the sun god gold uraei boat carries two, one at the bow and one aft, the head of each uraeus surmounted by the sun's disc and tail replaced by three amulets symbolizing the "goodness" (nefer), "life" (ankh) and "stability" (djed). The straps are made of different gold plates encrusted held together at the rear and sides by rows of small gold, carnelian and glass beads. The plates represent the same elements as those in the pectoral pendant, except that the sun's disk is replaced by the sign of the horizon and the hieroglyphic sign for 'festival' is placed under the scarab.  


At the upper end of each strap is a curve representing the shoulder part of the vulture goddess Nekhbet with outspread wings. Two ball chains join vultures to the clasp, which consists of a pair of inlaid with gold with a slide uraei-fixation at the center.The semi-precious stones that form the overlay of the various elements of this piece are of lapis lazuli, carnelian, feldspar and turquoise. It was found in the coffin as the collar of the rising sun.

Pectoral with Seated Horus and Osiris

Pectoral with Seated Horus and Osiris


Pectoral with Seated Horus and Osiris

The pectoral, a large piece of jewelry worn on the chest, is shaped like the front of a naos, or shrine.

The front of the pectoral has a scene depicting the figure of Osiris looking to the right, facing a figure of Horus. Both are squatting and holding an Ankh, the sign of life, on one knee. The top of the pectoral is shaped like an Egyptian cavetto cornice, or frieze.
Pectoral with Seated Horus and Osiris
On the back of the pectoral, a border topped with a row of lines surrounds a Tyet, the protective knot sign, between two Djed signs of stability. The rear upper edge is pierced by three holes on each side halfway between the middle and side.