Statue of Ptah
· He is one of the very ancient gods of ancient Egyptian religion. His worship goes back to the earliest part of the dynastic period.
· He was the creator god of Memphis, Head of the Memphite Creation theory.
· He was also the patron god of craftsmen.
· The origin of the name of Egypt: Ht kA PtH, the house of the ka of Ptah is related to his name.
· His name means the opener and this name is associated with the ceremony of opening the mouth, as he used to open the mouth of the deceased.
· His main cult centre was at Memphis where he formed his triad with his wife goddess SEKHMET and their son god NEFERTUM (the lotus god).
· He was represented as a man in a mummy form completely wrapped except for his hands which are protruding from the mummy wrappings and he was holding in his hands a composite sceptre comprising: the DJED pillar, the ANKH sign and the WAS. His head was shaven and covered with a tight fitting skull cap leaving his ears exposed often coloured in blue.
· Later on, he was mingled with SOKAR (ancient god of Memphis) forming the god PTAH-SOKAR. Then by the Late Period this combined deity was associated with OSIRIS as PTAH-SOKARIS-OSIRIS taking the attributes of a god of the dead represented in mummiform or as a hawk or as a dwarf. This deity incorporated the principle gods of creation, death and the afterlife.