2014/02/09

Information about Tutankhamun

who was Tutankhamun ????

Tutankhamun was a ruler of ancient Egypt 18th Dynasty who ruled for 10 years. He became a household name in 1922, when archaeologist Howard Carter found his tomb in the Valley's remarkable Egyptian kings. Over the millennia, many Egyptian tombs had been broken into and looted, but of Tutankhamen was discovered largely intact. It included several lavish rooms, overflowing with gold, jewels, statues, furniture, tanks, weapons and many other objects and sculptures. When the objects of his tomb went on display in a world "Treasures of Tutankhamun" exhibit, King Tut won a place in public consciousness far exceeding that of other kings with greater historical significance.

Tutankhamun, commonly known as King Tut, was an ancient Egyptian king. His reign as king was brief, and is best known for his tomb, which was found largely intact in the Valley of the Kings in 1922. During his reign, powerful advisers restored the traditional Egyptian religion and art, both of which had been set aside by his predecessor, Akhenaten, who led the "Amarna revolution." The Descent Tutankhaten-as it was originally known, remains uncertain, although one black fragment originating Akhetaten (Tell el-Amarna), Akhenaten's capital, appointed him as the son of a king in a context similar to that of Akhenaten's princesses. On the medical analysis of the mummy of Tutankhaten shows that it shares very similar physical characteristics with the mummy found in KV 55 (tomb 55) Valley of the Kings. 


Information about Tutankhamun

Information about Tutankhamun

Information about Tutankhamun


 Some researchers identify the remains as those of Smenkhkare, which seems to have been co-regent with Akhenaten in the latter years of his reign, others suggested the mummy may be Akhenaten himself. With the death of Smenkhkare, the young Tutankhaten became king, and was married to his third daughter of Akhenaten, Ankhesenpaaton (later known as Ankhesenamen), probably the eldest survivor of the royal family. Because at his accession, he was very young, the elderly Ay official, who had long maintained ties with the royal family, and the army general, Horemheb, served as senior advisors to Tutankhaten. By its third year of the reign Tutankhaten had abandoned Tell el-Amarna and moved his residence in Memphis, the administrative capital, near modern Cairo. He changed his name to Tutankhamen and issued a decree restoring the temples, images, staff, and privileges of the old gods.  

He also began the long process of restoration of the sacred shrines of Amon, who had been badly damaged during the reign of his father. Prohibitions and persecution of Aten, the god of Akhenaten, has been undertaken, and vineyards and royal army regiments were still named after Aton.  In addition to a palace built at Karnak and the temple memorial in Western Thebes, now largely disappeared, the main existing monument of Tutankhamen is the colonnade of the Luxor Temple, where he decorated with bas-reliefs depicting the festival Opet, an annual rite of renewal involving the king, the three main gods of Karnak (Amun, Mut and Khonsu), and the local form of Amun at Luxor. Tutankhamun died suddenly in his 19th year without designating an heir and was succeeded by Ay. He was buried in a tomb somewhat hastily converted for use in the Valley of the Kings (his tomb was probably planned supported by Ay).  

Like other directors involved in the Amarna period, Akhenaten, Smenkhkare, Ay, and he posthumously to suffer the fate of having his name removed from lists King later usurped and its monuments, especially by his former general, Horemheb, who later became king. Although Tutankhamun's tomb shows signs of having been briefly seized and looted, the location of his burial was clearly forgotten by the time of the 20th dynasty (1190-1075 BC), where artisans assigned to work on the tomb of Ramses VI near temporary shelters built of stone directly from its input. The tomb has been preserved until a systematic search of the Valley of the Kings by English archaeologist Howard Carter found the location in 1922.

 
Inside his small tomb, the mummy of the king was in a nest of three coffins, the innermost of solid gold, the two outermost gold hammered wooden frames. On the king's head was a magnificent portrait mask of gold, and many pieces of jewelry and amulets lay upon the mummy and its packaging. The coffins and stone sarcophagi were surrounded by four shrines covered with the text of beaten gold on wood, which practically filled the burial chamber. The other rooms were packed furniture, statues, clothing, tanks, weapons, personnel, and many other objects.  


But to his tomb, Tutankhamun has little claim to fame, as it is, it is perhaps better known than any of his predecessors of longer duration and better documented and successors. His fame was assured after the popular "Treasures of Tutankhamun" exhibition has traveled the world in the 1960s and 70s. The treasures are housed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

Tutankhamun Facts

Today I have a vision of a sort of meeting of Pharaoh. Everyone is hanging about, many of them are alive, while others are a little weaker, struggling to breathe at times. Indeed, not all of them are here. Many of interim periods do not and apparently even some of the most prominent other times left the living world for good.


Some of them, while strong and healthy, are not entirely happy with the presence of some of their companions. Obviously, Thutmose III did not really expect to see Hatshepsut so strong and alive, and nobody particularly wanted or expected to see Akhenaten as healthy as ever.
Among the strongest and healthiest we find Rameses II (he worked very hard for it), Djoser and Cheops. Thutmose III, perhaps the greatest empire builder of Egyptian history is strong enough, and Cleopatra (VII), although most of his Alexandria is now extinct, survives very well.


Tutankhamun Facts

Tutankhamun Facts


Tutankhamun Facts

Tutankhamun Facts


  But among them, the middle is an irony. He was a child king, just living to adulthood, probably with nothing to show for his own efforts. Although his reign was central in the reign 3000 years of ancient Egyptian religion, most if not all of it was not his doing. He had no time to implement, and some of his successors has even tried to eliminate any possibility of his eternal life. Yet it is there, his chest heaving with clean air, beating heart of the constant trust of a top athlete, stronger and healthier than even the most elite among the Pharaohs, as its name is the language of each, and that's what matters most to all the pharaohs. Tutankhamun.

To the ancient Egyptians, an individual consisted of a number of different parts, which is not very different from those individuals considering religion today. Even now, we think of a person as having a body and a soul, or spirit. The ancient Egyptians thought the same thing, but added to this mixture was a persons name, his shadow and other elements (except for a slightly simplified explanation of the idea of ​​an ancient Egyptian soul). All these are important, but perhaps the most important of all, at least for eternal life, was the name. If his name has not been recalled, there was little hope for the soul of life after physical death of the body. As the name of the pharaoh was recalled, the king would live through eternity, and none of their names are recalled better than King Tut. Among this group of great men, it must be the happiest of all, not to mention very fond of Howard Carter, although he did steal her grave one last time.


In ancient Egypt, the Kings have played the game of Pharaoh, although we probably should not call it a game, because they were very serious about the outcome. They thought they could control their own destiny and the fate of their predecessors by usurping their names on the statues, or sometimes completely erase the name of an enemy from the historical record.
Hatshepsut, more or less, mostly more, usurped the throne of his step-son Thutmose III. It may have been good for him, allowing it to mature and become the great leader he was, but he did not please. After his death, he went on methodically removing his name, and he thought that his chances for eternal life and, from the monuments she has built as the king (in ancient Egypt, a king was a King, female or male). What he could not remove, it has built walls around, as the obelisk of Karnak. However, this single act has helped to preserve the monument, and his name lives today, and therefore, according to ancient Egyptian religion, so she says.


Everyone tried to kill the hope of an eternal life of Akhenaten. He was the heretic king who, while trying to change radically the ancient Egyptian religion, abandoned the priests of Amon and other deities of old age in Egypt. His successors tried to remove his name from all sources, including lists of kings who were placed in shrines. But the city, built to modern el-Amarna was left to the desert sands which, in many ways, it protected for prosperity, and its radical beliefs found for him not to oblivion but posterity. It can live healthy and virus, but maybe not a favorite of the gods.


And then there is King Tut. After the death of his presumed father, Akhenaten, the ancient religion was restored, making his reign turning point in Egyptian history, but it certainly was not his job. Personally, it may not be able to claim a single construction project of his, and much of the wealth even in his grave was not his, but the gifts of others. It was surely Ay and Horemheb who held the reins of power during the kingship of Tutankhamun, and after the death of the young king, Horemheb took over most of the work done on behalf of the young king, usurping registrations with its own name. Like his father, the name of Tutankhamen was also omitted from the list of the various kings. " In fact, if there was not Howard Carter, he might not have made the consolidation of the Pharaohs at all.  


But fate plays strange tricks. The little he had, compared to some of the more kings of ancient Egypt, was discovered almost intact in his tomb. Even the grave robbers have played in this poker hand of God, not plunder his grave just like so many others. Today marks the opening of the King Tut exhibit in Los Angeles, and not from Tutankhamun's tomb was discovered, he was better known in the world. And since an attribute of the ancient Egyptian religion was that, indeed, lead to the glory of eternal life of the pharaoh, King Tut today must be one of the best who ever lived pharaohs, and lived on.