2014/03/25

Tutankhamun Scepter

Royal Scepter of Tutankhamun

This scepter is made of sheet of beaten gold, on a wooden core. The tree is in the form of a papyrus flower and stem, it is adorned at each end with a feather design in cloisonne work inlaid with carnelian, turquoise, lapis lazuli, feldspar, pottery and glass. Embossed on one side of the blade are rows of trellis and slaughtered bulls, partly dismembered, in a frieze of lotus petals across borders to check and diamonds.  


On the other side of the blade, in a similar frieze, is an inscription which reads: "The Good God, the beloved, dazzling of face like the Aten when he shines, the son of Amon Nebkheperure, living forever. "

Tutankhamun Scepter
 
Scepters of this type have three names in Egyptian texts, kherep, the controller of "Sekhem" the powerful "and aba" the commander. They were carried as symbols of authority from the very beginning, but no distinction can be drawn between their uses. In the ritual of the temple and the mortuary service aba scepter was often held by the officiant who presented the offerings.  

If the sacrificial offerings listed on the blade of this scepter are indicative of its use, it probably represents the scepter aba, but accurate identification is not possible. It was found in the appendix where it had probably been taken by the Treasury by the thieves.

Egyptian God Seth

Egyptian Gods and Goddesses - Seth

Egyptian God Seth

Seth or Set

Seth is the second son of Geb and Nut. He was the brother of Osiris and Isis, as well as the brother and husband of Nepthys. He murdered his brother Osiris, then battled with his nephew Horus to be the ruler of the living. He is a god of the desert, storms and chaos.

He is typically depicted as a human with an unknown type of animal head, with squared-off ears and a long, curved snout. Scholars have speculated that the head is everything from a dog, to an aardvark, to an okapi, to a fish (with the squared-off ears representing fins). Most have given up and just refer to it as the "Seth animal" or "Typhonian animal" (linking Seth to the Greek god Typhon, who also was a god of storms and chaos).

Egyptian God Seth

Egyptian God Seth

Egyptian God Seth

Egyptian God Seth

Egyptian God Seth




Egyptian God Seth


In the Osiris legend, Seth lures his brother into a trap and murders him, sending his body floating away on the Nile. Isis searches for, and eventually finds the body. Seth is the patron deity of soldiers, foreigners, and redheads. His sister Nepthys is his wife, and in some variations of the myth, the god Anubis is their son.

Seth also has other wives and concubines, the most notable among them being Tawaret (the hippo-headed goddess of pregnancy and childbirth), and Neith, with whom he fathered the crocodile-headed river god, Sobek. The Hyksos adopted him as the personification of their own god when they ruled at Avris. His cult center at Tanis is near the site of Avris. The city of Naqada was also a cult center.