The central element of this pectoral is the scarab, identified with the god Khepri, the sun at dawn. Here it is carefully carved in the round in lapis lazuli, with detailed head markings and wing striations, or stripes.
It supports a cartouche, carefully inlaid, bearing the praenomen, or first name, of the king with the epithet "Chosen of Re." Between its back legs the beetle holds the Shen sign, inlaid with carnelian, the symbol of universal power.
On the sides of the scarab, uraeus serpents hang down from the cartouche. The bodies are in gold with fine linear markings. This pectoral shows craftsmanship of superb quality on a very small scale.
This turquoise-blue glass headrest probably was padded with linen to provide support and comfort during sleep. The headrest is fashioned in two halves and joined at the center of the column with a square wooden dowel.
A narrow strip of gold foil covers the joint. It is covered with alternating signs of the Ankh, symbol of long life, and the "Was" scepter, symbol of prosperity and dominion.
Both sides of the column have vertical texts, one with the titles and the other with the names of the king, "the Good God, the Lord of the Two Lands, Neb-khepru-Ra, who gives life like Ra." One corner of the base shows evidence of being restored in ancient times.
The Horus Name: Ka-nakht tut-mesut, "Strong bull, fitting of created forms"
The King's Horus Name The Nebty or He of the Two Ladies' Name: Nefer-hepu segereh-tawy schetep-netjeru nebu, "Dynamic of laws, who calms the Two Lands, who propitiates all the gods" (variant 1: Wer-ah-Amun, "Great of the Palace of Amun; variant 2: neb-er-djer, "...lord of all")
The King's Nebty or He of the Two Ladies' Name The Golden Falcon Name: Wetjes-khau sehetep-netjeru, "Who displays the regalia, who propitiates the gods" (variant 1: Heqa-maat schetep-netjeru, "The one who brings together the cosmic order, who propitiates the gods; variant 2: Wetjes-khau-yotef-Re, "Who displays the regalia of his father Re"; variant 3: Wetjes-khau tjes-tawy em..., "Who dsiplays the regalia, who keeps the Two Lands together)
The King's Golden Falcon Name The Prenomen, which commonly follows the group nesu-bity, "dual king", traditionally rendered "King of upper and Lower Egypt": Nebkheprure, "The lordly manifestation of Re"
The King's Prenomen The Nomen, introduced by sa-ra, "Son of Re": Tutankhamun heqa-Iunu-shema, "Living iamge of Amun, ruler of Upper Egyptian Heliopolis (earlier variant: Tutankhaten, "Living image of the Aten")