2016/07/27

Ancient Egyptian Jobs

Occupations of ancient Egyptians depended heavily on their social structure. Many jobs were available to them because they had a well ordered society. Many jobs were inherited in ancient Egypt. But social mobility was not impossible.A look into the social pyramid of Egypt is necessary to understand the jobs people took to: Ultimate power was vested in the Pharaoh, the king of Egypt. Though gods were the controllers of the country, Pharaoh was believed to be god in human form.The Pharaoh's closest advisor, the vizier had the status of a prime minster.

Ancient Egyptian Jobs

Government officials such as priests and nobles came next. Soldiers and scribes came thereafter. This was followed by Merchants, Artisans and farmers. Slaves and servants formed the bottom of the social pyramid.Pharaoh was the ultimate authority in the country. He was to manage the army and protect the people. He was in charge of enforcing law and order in the country.The vizier was an important court official. He had to manage building and construction, manage labour, collect taxes, supervise administration, maintain accounts etc. Noblemen helped the Pharaoh run the country these were the people that worked in the government.Scribe was an important occupation in Egypt. Scribes were the few literate people of Egypt.

Ancient Egyptian Jobs

Ancient Egyptian Jobs

Ancient Egyptian Jobs

Ancient Egyptian Jobs

Ancient Egyptian Jobs


Ancient Egyptian Jobs

Ancient Egyptian Jobs

Ancient Egyptian Jobs

Ancient Egyptian Jobs

Ancient Egyptian Jobs

Ancient Egyptian Jobs


Ancient Egyptian Jobs

Ancient Egyptian Jobs

Ancient Egyptian Jobs

Ancient Egyptian Jobs

Ancient Egyptian Jobs

Ancient Egyptian Jobs


They were responsible for jobs relating to teaching. The Priests and Priestesses looked after the temples and conducted the religious ceremonies.Astrologers also had important jobs relating to religious observances and the location and position for temples and tombs.Egypt is famous for their knowledge in architecture to which the great pyramids serve testimony. Therefore, building and construction were also important jobs in the country.

The vast building programs in Ancient Egypt necessitated the jobs of engineers and architects. Forced labour and slave system existed.Though Egypt was a peaceful country, there existed an army. Commands in the army provided the opportunity for ordinary people to rise in society.

The most common jobs were related to the foot soldiers but the charioteers were a respected force.There were craftsmen who were also employed for complicated stone cutting and creating sculptures. Artists were employed to decorate the homes of wealthy Egyptians and to decorate tombs and temples.

There were entertainers who were the dancers and acrobats who entertained wealthy Egyptians.  Dwarfs were a popular form of court entertainment.Farmers also lived a merry life in ancient Egypt as Nile provided an excellent source of irrigation. Merchants bought and sold commodities.

There were also fishermen, manual labourers, weavers, metal workers, potters, carpenters, upholsterers, tailors, shoe-makers, glass-blowers, boat-builders, wig-makers, and embalmers. Story-tellers, cooks, gardeners, masons, miners and butchers also existed.

Ancient Egyptian Food For Kids

It is interesting to study the food habits of ancient Egyptians, among other aspects of their living. It is surprising that, ful medammes,the bean dish which is now the National Dish of Egypt was eaten in the Pharaonic periods. What the ancient Egyptians ate varied depending of their social and financial status. If you are rich, you are made available better food.Egyptian food recipes were influenced by factors like foreign invasion, foreign trade.

Ancient Egyptian Food For Kids

Main influence to Egyptian cuisine came from Syria, Lebanon, Turkey and Greece.Ancient Egyptians mainly grew wheat and barley; they used wheat to bake bread and used barley to make beer. Beer was an ancient national drink in Egypt and it was stored in special beer jars. Spices were added to it for improving the taste. Wine was the drink for the rich and it was made from vineyards. Bread was different from the breads we eat today.The hard and gritty bread was very dangerous to their teeth.

But it was the stable food of many Egyptians. The most common type of bread is a pita type made either with refined white flour called aysh shami, or with coarse, whole wheat, aysh baladi.There were more than thirty different shapes of bread. Honey was used as there was no sugar. Beans was another main crop they grew.Egyptian farming and agriculture flourished because of the Nile river. Vegetables constitute the main ingredient of most Egyptian dishes in additions to meat (beef and chicken). Fruits are eaten as dessert after a meal with many other sweet dishes that Egyptians excel at making.

Ancient Egyptian Food For Kids

Ancient Egyptian Food For Kids

Ancient Egyptian Food For Kids


The fruits the Egyptians ate were dates, grapes, pomegranate, peaches, watermelon etc. although the nature of the fruit varied with the prevailing season and agriculture. Several types of meats were eaten, including pork in some regions. Cattle beef was commonly eaten by the rich, along with sheep or goat, while the poor often ate geese, ducks and other fowl.Even when the other regions were affected by famines, the people of Egypt were secured because the Nile was there to feed the people.

Strong-tasting vegetables like onion were liked by them.They also ate peas and beans, lettuce, cucumbers and leeks. Vegetables were often served with oil and vinegar dressing. Fish and poultry were consumed by the people. Fish and meat were stored by methods like salting.Cooking was done by housewives in ordinary families and servants in richer families. Kitchen tools like mortars were also used.

 Melokhya which is a soup made from a leafy green summer vegetable was a traditional dish in Egypt. Basbousa, a type of sweet, Baklawah, Um Aly, a raisin cake, Konafa, Katayef were the sweet deserts of ancient Egypt.

Ancient Egyptian Sandals

During the ancient Egyptian period people mostly travelled barefoot. It is believed that since the temperature in Egypt was very high throughout the year, people gave less importance to wearing footwear. There is hardly any record to suggest that the Egyptians wore shoes or any other form of footwear. The ancient Egyptians began wearing sandals during the early years of the New Kingdom rule.

Ancient Egyptian Sandals

Ancient Egyptian Sandals

The sandals used by these people were very simple and were made either by using straw, reeds or leather. The wealthy people wore leather sandals and these lasted for a longer time than the sandals which were made using straw or reeds. The sandals were worn by all people belonging to all the classes except those who were extremely poor.

The sandals were decorated by using beads, jewels; some also had buckles on the straps made from precious metals. For the most part, the ancient Egyptians walked without wearing sandals or shoes. Sandals were worn by people on special events. The gold and wood sandals are known to have been made in the ancient Egyptian period.

During the Middle and New Kingdoms time, the sandals were commonly used. The use of covered shoes by the ancient Egyptians is not very well known. However some records suggest that shoes were made by weaving palm fiber and grass.

In the Early Middle Kingdom, shoes were a modification of sandals. Shoes had straps between the toes and were joined to the sides at the heel. It also had leather cover which protected the feet. The Hittites settled in Anatolian highlands wore shoes with turned up toes. The Egyptians during the New Kingdom period are said to be influenced by the Hittites and began using shoes.